Westwind’s reference page.
Elevated Shell Shell as actual root user sudo su. Alternatively, sudo -s gives you elevated permissions but your home is still your home. If you just want to change to an admin user in Terminal type su <admin username>.
Turn off Mail preview of attachments – defaults write com.apple.mail DisableInlineAttachmentViewing -bool yes (or false)
Copy only email address in Mail – defaults write com.apple.mail AddressesIncludeNameOnPasteboard -bool false (or no)
List files in a directory and output the list to a text file on the hard drive: ls > ~/list-of-files.txt
Disk Usage (this takes a while to run) sudo du -sh /* or df -hT hfs (display free disk space)
Enable Disk Utility’s debug menu defaults write com.apple.DiskUtility DUDebugMenuEnabled 1 (change 1 to 0 to disable the debug menu)
chflags hidden /FilePath or chflags no hidden or SetFile -a V filename.txt or use a .
Clear font caches and databases: sudo atsutil databases -remove or get FontNuke
Diff lets you compare files or folders, diff file-1 file-2 or diff -rq folder-1 folder-2. Example, diff -rq [path to folder 1] [path to folder 2] > ~/Desktop/comparison.txt
This command will provide a nice list of files that occur in dirA but not in dirB, files that occur in dirB, but not in dirA, and files that differ between dirA and dirB. Pipe the output through grep to remove mention of uninteresting files, and sort to tidy it up, e.g.:
diff -qr dirA dirB | grep -v -e ‘DS_Store’ -e ‘Thumbs’ |
sort > diffs.txt
touch ~/timestamp and then change some setting and then find -x / -newer ~/timestamp >~/changedfiles.txt” to generate a list of changed files, and store it in your home directory under the name “changedfiles.txt”. One of these changed files should be the settings file you need to locate.
Enter date 0201010116 and press Return format: [mm][dd][HHMM][yy]
Make Install Media examples:Apple support article
Remember that it is 2 dashes, not an em dash
sudo /Applications/Install\ macOS\ Mojave.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia –volume /Volumes/14
sudo /Applications/Install\ macOS\ High\ Sierra.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia –volume /Volumes/13
sudo /Applications/Install\ macOS\ Sierra.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia –volume /Volumes/12 –applicationpath /Applications/Install\ macOS\ Sierra.app
sudo /Applications/Install\ macOS\ High\ Sierra.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia –volume /Volumes/MyVolume
sudo /Applications/Install\ OS\ X\ El\ Capitan.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia –volume /Volumes/11 –applicationpath /Applications/Install\ OS\ X\ El\ Capitan.app
sudo /Applications/Install\ OS\ X\ Yosemite.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia –volume /Volumes/10 –applicationpath /Applications/Install\ OS\ X\ Yosemite.app
/createinstallmedia –volume /Volumes/9 –applicationpath /Applications/Install\ OS\ X\ Mavericks.app –nointeraction
Mountain Lion OS X 10.8 http://osxdaily.com/2012/02/17/make-bootable-os-x-10-8-mountain-lion-usb-install-drive/
Lion and Mountain Lion and newer http://www.sallonoroff.co.uk/blog/2015/11/make-a-bootable-usb-drive-with-createinstallmedia/
Leopard and Snow Leopard https://www.macworld.com/article/2023548/dvd-less-snow-leopard-installation-on-older-mac.html
System Integrity Protection (SIP), aka rootless csrutil enable and csrutil disable
Disable Time Machine local backups: sudo tmutil disablelocal
The application SomeApp.app can’t be opened. Superuser.com Question 898124 chmod +x SomeApp.app/Contents/MacOS/*
Sierra installer payload failed signature check, resolved by checking date and seeing that it was set to the year 2000. Within Terminal I typed ntpdate -u time.apple.com to resolve this issue.
Encrypted zip archive zip -ej ~/Desktop/file.zip ~/Desktop/Kitties.JPG
unzip file.zip -d ~/another/folder
Trigger Setup Assistant so you can create a new admin-level account. mount -uw / then rm /var/db/.applesetupdone
rm -rf some_dir r “recursive” -f “force” (suppress confirmation messages)
Disable Gatekeeper sudo spctl –master-disable
defaults write com.apple.DiskUtility DUDebugMenuEnabled 1 and then killall Finder then open Disk Utility, go to the Debug menu and select Show All Partitions
Time Machine tmutil info https://eclecticlight.co/2017/02/16/diagnosing-and-treating-time-machine-problems-in-terminal/
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